Java- Create Snowflake table programmatically

In this Snowflake tutorial, I will explain how to create a Snowflake database and create a Snowflake table programmatically using Snowflake JDBC driver and Java language and also learn different connection string properties.

Pre-requisites

  • Snowflake data warehouse account
  • Basic understanding in Java and IDE to run Java programs

Snowflake JDBC driver dependency

You can download the Snowflake JDBC driver from Maven repository or use the following maven dependency. Use the latest version available from maven repository URL.

<dependency>
     <groupId>net.snowflake</groupId>
     <artifactId>snowflake-jdbc</artifactId>
     <version>3.12.0</version>
</dependency>

Create a Snowflake Database from the Web console

In order to create a Database, logon to Snowflake web console, select the Databases from the top menu and select “create a new database” option and finally enter the database name on the form and select “Finish” button.

Create a Snowflake Table using Java language

To create a table you can use either Snowflake web console or use the below steps to execute a “create table” DDL statement using the Java language.

Connection parameters

In order to connect to the Snowflake table from Java, you need to provide the following minimum properties.

  • account : You account name, you can get this from URL for e.g “oea82”
  • user : Snowflake user name, typically your login user
  • password : user password
  • warehouse : Snowflake Dataware house name
  • db : Snowflake Database name
  • schema : Database schema where your table belongs
  • role : Snowflake user role

val properties = new java.util.Properties()
  properties.put("user", "user")
  properties.put("password", "#########")
  properties.put("account", "oea82")
  properties.put("warehouse", "mywh")
  properties.put("db", "EMP")
  properties.put("schema", "public")
  properties.put("role","ACCOUNTADMIN")

JDBC connection string

In order to connect using JDBC driver, you need to provide the connection string, for Snowflake, it would be your snowflake account URL which contains account name, region name along with snowflakecomputing.com.


"jdbc:snowflake://oea82.us-east-1.snowflakecomputing.com/"

Making Connection to Snowflake database

Using Java DriverManager.getConnection() to establish a connection with Snowflake, this method takes JDBC connection URL and above properties.


 Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection(jdbcUrl, properties)

Create Statement & execute Query to create a table

Like ANSI SQL, we can use either CREATE TABLE or CREATE OR REPLACE TABLE syntax.


Statement statement = connection.createStatement()
statement.executeUpdate("create or replace table EMPLOYEE(name VARCHAR, department VARCHAR, salary number)")
statement.close()

Make sure you close the connection & statement in a finally block of try-catch statement.

Complete Java Example which creates Snowflake table


import java.sql.DriverManager
import java.sql.Connection
import java.sql.Statement
public class CreateSnowflakeTable{
public static void main(String args[]){
  val properties = new java.util.Properties()
  properties.put("user", "username")
  properties.put("password", "######1")
  properties.put("account", "oea82")
  properties.put("warehouse", "mywh")
  properties.put("db", "EMP")
  properties.put("schema", "public")
  properties.put("role","ACCOUNTADMIN")

  //JDBC connection string
  String jdbcUrl = "jdbc:snowflake://oea82.us-east-1.snowflakecomputing.com/"

  System.out.println("Created JDBC connection")
  Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection(jdbcUrl, properties)
    System.out.println("Done creating JDBC connection")

    System.out.println("Created JDBC statement")
  Statement statement = connection.createStatement()

  // create a table
    System.out.println("Creating table EMPLOYEE")
  statement.executeUpdate("create or replace table EMPLOYEE(name VARCHAR, department VARCHAR, salary number)")
  statement.close()
    System.out.println("Done creating EMPLOYEE table")

  connection.close()
    System.out.println("End connection")
}
}

This Java with Snowflake example is also available at GitHub project for reference.

Conclusion.

In this tutorial, you have learned how to create a Snowflake database and executing a DDL statement, in our case executing SQL to create a Snowflake table using Scala language.

Reference:

Snowflake JDBC

Happy Learning !!

NNK

SparkByExamples.com is a Big Data and Spark examples community page, all examples are simple and easy to understand and well tested in our development environment Read more ..

Leave a Reply

You are currently viewing Java- Create Snowflake table programmatically
Photo by Dan LeFebvre on Unsplash