In pandas, `Series.index`

attribute is used to retrieve the index labels associated with the given Series object. A pandas Series holds labeled data and these labels are called indexes, by using these labels we can access series elements and we can do manipulations on our data.

In some situations, we need to get all labels and values separately, using this attribute we can get only index labels. In this article, I will explain how to get index values/labels in pandas Series.

## Quick Examples of Getting Series Index

If you are in a hurry, below are some quick examples of getting the pandas series index.

```
# Quick examples of getting series index
# Example 1 : Create pandas series
courses = pd.Series(['Java', 'Spark', 'PySpark','Pandas','NumPy', 'Python'])
# Example 2 : Get the indices of Series
courses.index = ['Course1', 'Course2', 'Course3', 'Course4', 'Course5', 'Course6']
```

## Pandas Series.index Introduction

Following is the syntax of the `Series.index`

.

```
# Syntax of series.index
series.index()
```

## Create Pandas Series

A Pandas Series, exclusive to the Pandas library, represents one-dimensional data with index labels. It accommodates various data types, including strings, integers, floats, and other Python objects. Accessing individual elements within the Series is facilitated through their respective default indices.

`Note`

: The Series data structure shares similarities with the NumPy array data structure, except for one key distinction: while array indices are integers starting from 0, Series indices can encompass a broader range, including strings. These labels need not be unique but must be of a hashable type.

Now, let’s create a Pandas series,

```
# Create the Series
import pandas as pd
courses = pd.Series(['Java', 'Spark', 'PySpark','Pandas','NumPy', 'Python'])
print("Create Series:\n",courses)
```

When you create a series without an index, pandas create a default index with an incremental sequence number starting from 0. This example yields the below output.

## Get the Index in Pandas Series

In Series, labels are called indices, and holding the data is called values. If we use `Series.index`

attributes we can get the labels. Let’s apply this attribute to the above Series, it will return the indices of the series. When you have a default index it returns the `RangeIndex`

.

```
# Get the default indices of Series.
print(courses.index)
print(type(courses.index))
# Output:
# RangeIndex(start=0, stop=6, step=1)
#<class 'pandas.core.indexes.range.RangeIndex'>
```

From the above, we got the default indices in the form of a range from 0 to 6.

## Get the Custom Index in Series

We can also create the Series with customized index labels for, that we need to pass the index as a list of values into `pd.series()`

function.

In this Series, each course name is associated with a custom index label (`Course1`

to `Course6`

). The `dtype: object`

indicates that the elements in the Series are of type object, which is the default type for strings in Pandas.

```
# Create pandas Series
courses = pd.Series(['Java', 'Spark', 'PySpark','Pandas','NumPy', 'Python'], index = ['Course1', 'Course2', 'Course3', 'Course4', 'Course5', 'Course6'])
print(courses)
```

Yields below output.

```
# Output:
Course1 Java
Course2 Spark
Course3 PySpark
Course4 Pandas
Course5 NumPy
Course6 Python
dtype: object
```

As we can see in the output, the `Series.index`

attribute has successfully set the index labels for the given Series object.

Now, this time we can get the customized indices of the Series individually for, that we need to print only index values.

```
# Get the custom index
print(courses.index)
print(type(courses.index))
# Output:
# Index(['Course1', 'Course2', 'Course3', 'Course4', 'Course5', 'Course6'], dtype='object')
<class 'pandas.core.indexes.base.Index'>
```

## Frequently Asked Questions on Getting Index of Series

**How can I get the index of a Pandas Series?**To get the index of a Pandas Series, you can use the `index`

attribute of the Series. For example, the `index`

attribute returns an object of type `Index`

, containing the labels of the Series. The `dtype='object'`

indicates that the labels are of type object (string labels in this case).

**Can I retrieve the index as a list?**You can retrieve the index of a Pandas Series as a list using the `tolist()`

method. The `tolist()`

method converts the index into a Python list, making it easy to work with if you need to manipulate or iterate over the index labels.

**Is it possible to reset the index of a Series?**It is possible to reset the index of a Pandas Series using the `reset_index()`

method. This method will reset the index of the Series and convert it into a new DataFrame. The original index will be added as a new column, and a default integer-based index will be assigned to the DataFrame.

**How do I get the index of a specific element in the Series?**To get the index of a specific element in a Pandas Series, you can use the `get_loc`

method. This method returns the integer location of a particular index label. For example, `get_loc('B')`

returns the position (index) of the label ‘B’ in the Series. Note that indexing in Python is zero-based, so ‘B’ is at position 1 in the index.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, we have explored the functionality of the `pandas.Series.index`

attribute, which allows us to access the index of a Series in Pandas. We’ve also discussed the distinctions between default and custom indices, providing a comprehensive understanding of how indices operate within the Series data structure.

Happy learning !!

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